Hainanproject is the blog of the Biodiversity Conservation for Rice Environments in Hainan project, a collaborative research effort with scientists and university professors in Hainan and Zhejiang. It aims to provide a platform for knowledge sharing on biodiversity concepts and assessment methods and promote biodiversity conservation on Hainan Island.
Credits: Project logo designed by Juan Lazaro IV, custom header by Lauro Atienza, and rotating images from S. Villareal, all from the International Rice Research Institute. Some photos in the slider were provided by Nalinee Chaiyawat (formerly from the Chainat Rice Research Center, Thailand) and Qianhua Yuan (Hainan University).
K.L. Heong is a fellow of the Academy of Science, Malaysia (FASc) and holds a DSc and a PhD from Imperial College, London. His research in pest ecology has shown that rice systems have inherently rice faunal biodiversity that provide vital ecosystem services to protect crops from economic losses due to pests. However biodiversity of the key functional groups are often destroyed by the lack of floral biodiversity and heavy insecticide use thus reducing essential ecosystem services and increase the crop’s vulnerability to pest invasions. Working with a social scientist, he applied social psychology into his work to communicate and motivate farmers to reduce insecticides through mass media. His trans-disciplinary research has contributed towards significant changes in rice farmers’ attitudes and practices in plant protection in many countries. In Vietnam his work contributed to farmers’ insecticide reduction by 53% in several provinces in the Mekong Delta and similar pesticide reductions were recorded in his work extended to Central Thailand and Northern Vietnam.
His projects have gained international recognitions. Among them are, the St Andrews Prize for Environment, the World Bank Development Marketplace Award, the COM+ Communications Award, Vietnam’s Golden Rice Award and the Global Development Award. He has been personally recognized by the US Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST)’s Charles Black Award for exemplary contributions to public understanding of food and agricultural science, the Malaysian Plant Protection Society (MAPPS)’s Excellence Award, the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) Prize for Agriculture, Vietnam’s Gold Medal for Agricultural Development and the World Academy of Art and Science. He is author of more than 120 scientific papers, 6 books and 2 CD packages.
Qianhua Yuan is professor of agronomy in the College of Agriculture, Hainan University, China. His experience is in teaching and research in agronomy, crop production, rice breeding and the environmental evaluation of transgenic rice. As an agricultural scientist, he had been awarded the “Wu-Wu Science & Technology Award” from Hainan University in 2002. His work has won several prizes from the provincial governments, including the “Agricultural Science Extension Award of Hubei Province” in 2004, the “Science and Technology Advance Award of Hainan Province” in 2006 and the “Science and Technology Advance Award of Hainan Province” in 2008. He is the author of more than 50 scientific papers and 4 books.
Professor Yuan’s research programs have dealt with new rice variety breeding, high yield crop production and the environment evaluation of transgenic rice in the area of Hainan crop production. His current research interest includes the gene flow from transgenic rice to cultivated rice and their closed relatives, the controlling methods of rice gene flow via pollen dispersion and genetic diversity of wild rice. Before joining Hainan University, he was into the breeding of two line hybrid rice, authenticating of photo-thermo genetic male sterile line and technology extension of new hybrid rice combination in Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences (HBAAS).